A double top is a frequently occurring chart pattern that signals a bearish trend reversal, usually at the end of an uptrend. Much like the double bottom pattern, this pattern is commonly used in technical analysis by forex traders and analysts and is considered a reliable and easy-to-identify chart pattern.
In this article, we’ll show you everything you need to know about this pattern – how to identify, use and trade the double top bearish reversal pattern in forex trading.
What is the Double Top Pattern?
As the name implies, the double top chart pattern has two… tops. Or, in other words – a retest and failure of the previous highest price. In the forex markets, the pattern forms after a bullish trend when a currency pair reaches two consecutive peaks, creating the shape of the “M” letter.
This formation signals a possible trend reversal, which is confirmed once the asset breaks below the support neckline. In terms of its characteristics, the double top pattern must include a first peak, a second peak, and a neckline.
The slowing momentum and price consolidation near the second peak typically indicate a bearish trend reversal. The pattern is commonly seen when an uptrend comes to an end and is confirmed by two last attempts to break below the resistance level.
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How to Identify and Use the Double Top Pattern in Forex Trading?
As we mentioned, a double top is a bearish technical analysis reversal pattern that forms once the asset tests two consecutive peaks followed by a breakout below the support line. In many cases, you’ll be able to identify the double top formation by seeing the letter “M” on a trading chart.
So, let’s see what the double top pattern really looks like on a trading chart. In the AUD/USD daily chart below, we can see a clear M shape – two tops and a neckline. And, once the currency pair broke the support neckline level, the trend reversal is confirmed with the price moving in a downward direction.
With the above in mind, below is a step-by-step process to help you identify and use the double top pattern in forex trading:
- Find a retest of the first top and draw a resistance line at the first and second top price levels
- Try to identify the first and second tops and draw the neckline around these levels
- Wait until the first candle is completed after the price breaks below the neckline
- Enter a short-selling position with a tight stop-loss order at or below the neckline
How to Trade Forex Using the Double Top Pattern – Strategies and Examples
Well, basically, you can find the double top pattern in any asset class, market scenario, and condition. Further, the double top is generally a very common chart pattern in different trading timeframes.
However, although this pattern is mostly identified and used by analysts and traders at the end of an uptrend, it can also be found in a ranging market. For that reason, below we’ll show you two examples where the double top pattern can be found.
Example 1: Double Top Chart Pattern at the End of an Uptrend
Much like the double bottom pattern, the double top pattern is mostly used to identify a trend reversal at the end of the previous market trend. This is because forex traders who use a double top pattern look for a trend reversal pattern, which usually is easier to identify at the end of an uptrend.
In the first example, you can see how the double top pattern is formed at the end of an uptrend and signals the beginning of a new bearish trend.
The two peaks that look like the letter “M” indicate a price consolidation, and once the forex pair has hit the neckline, it is a good entry-level for a short-selling position (or closing an existing long position).
Example 2: Double Top Chart Pattern in a Ranging Market
The second way you can use a double top pattern is to identify it in a ranging market. To be honest, it could be tricky because in many cases a double top pattern could be formed and bounce back again to trade around the resistance level, meaning creating a triple top pattern.
Nonetheless, whenever you are able to identify a double top formation in a ranging market followed by a breakout of the neckline – it is a good entry-level as long as you place a stop-loss order and work with a risk-reward ratio.
As you can see in the chart below, we found a pretty convincing double-top pattern in a range-bound market.
The Double Top Pattern – Pros and Cons
Here are the most common pros and cons of trading the double top chart pattern:
- When using the double top reversal pattern, there’s a high probability that the next bearish trend will be long and sustainable when the price breaks below the neckline
- The pattern can be seen in multiple chart time frames
- Can be identified in trending and ranging markets
- In some cases, the double top pattern can become a triple top pattern and the stop loss will be triggered
- Using the double top pattern trading strategy is more suited for day traders rather than long term investors
Everything About the Double Top Pattern in One Video
For more information, you can check this video by our trading analysts on how to identify and trade the double bottom pattern.
In conclusion, here are the key takeaways:
- The double top pattern is a bullish reversal chart pattern formation that looks like the letter “M”
- To identify the double top pattern in forex trading, you need to see three main elements: first high, second high, and a neckline (at the support level)
- The double top formation is more effective at the end of a strong uptrend rather than in a ranging market
- To trade this pattern, you need to draw a resistance level and a neckline
- It is important to confirm that pattern with other technical analysis tools – Moving averages, RSI, Fibonacci retracement level, and MACD
- The best way to trade double topsis to wait until the price breaks the neckline with a stop-loss order and a risk-reward ratio
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Here are some of the most frequently asked questions about the double top chart pattern:
How reliable is a double top formation?
Double tops are part of the classical chart patterns group and are certainly known among the most reliable and commonly used chart patterns in technical analysis. This is because the double top pattern shows a perfect visualization that buyers can’t push prices higher, and the trend is about to reverse.
What does a double top pattern mean?
A double top pattern is a strong bearish reversal indicator that appears at the end of an uptrend. It signals the end of a long rally and that buyers cannot push prices higher above a certain resistance level.
Can a double top pattern be bullish?
No, a double top pattern is a bearish reversal pattern. If the price does not break below the neckline, then the pattern is not valid and the price will test the resistance level again. In this case, if the price fails to break the resistance level for the third time, a triple top pattern might be formed.
Related Chart Patterns to the Double Top Pattern
Here are some chart patterns that are closely related to the double top pattern in terms of structure and meaning.
- The Head and Shoulders Pattern
- The Inverse Cup and Handle Chart Pattern
- The Triple Top Pattern
- The Rounding Top Pattern
- The Bear Pennant Chart Pattern
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